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SEO Glossary

SEO Glossary

Sometimes we forget that not everyone comes from a Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) background. To aid newcomers, we've compiled this comprehensive SEO glossary detailing all of the most frequently used SEO terms you're most likely to come across.

We're frequently updating this list with terms we think would pose most helpful. Don't forget to bookmark this page for future reference.

SEO Glossary - For easy navigation, click on one of the letters below for the page to instantly relocate you to the letter section.

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.htaccess: The .htaccess file is a configuration file which enables webmasters to control cache settings and redirection of web pages.

404 Not Found: A 404 code is a response code which indicates that the page you've entered is currently unavailable or not found. The page may have been deleted, moved or is just temporarily unavailable.

301 Redirect: A 301 redirect redirects users entering an old/existing URL to a new URL, therefore signalling to search engines that the URL has been permanently moved. 301 redirects are most commonly used for all forms of redirections and also have the ability to transfer existing link equity to the new destination page.

302 Redirect: A 302 redirect also acts a redirection command. However, the 302 does not pass link equity to the new destination page.

 

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About The Fold: Above the fold is a term used to describe the top portion of a web page viewable without scrolling.

AC Rank: The AC Rank, which stands for A Citation Rank, is a ranking score calculated based on the number of root linking domain linking to a particular site. The score is scaled from 0-15, 15 been the highest and has originated from the backlink intelligence website - Majestic SEO.

Adwords: Adwords is Google's advertisement network. The program works on a Pay Per Click basis displaying paid advertisement ads on the top as well as on the side of search engine result pages.

ALT Attribute: An ALT attribute is text used to provide information about an image on a web page. Search engines can't necessarily read images effectively, hence why ALT attribute tags are used. Eg. An image of a Black Porsche 911 Turbo, would have it's ALT attribute tag looking like so: <img src="http://www.example.com/black-porsche-911-turbo.png" alt="Black Porsche 911 Turbo" />

Anchor Text: The anchor text, which could be also referred to as a link label, link text or link title, is the visible, click-able text which appears on a hyperlink. The anchor text should be used to describe the content of the page which it's linking to. Eg. Linking to a page about an Apple iPhone 5, the anchor text should appear like so: Apple iPhone 5. This provides increased relevancy as well as indicates to search engines which keywords the page should be ranking for.

Arbitrage: Arbitrating is the process of exploiting marketing inefficiencies by taking advantage of the price difference between two or more markets.

Article Spinning: Article spinning is the process of creating slabs of existing content which have been re-written or re-worded in order try to appear unique to the search engines.  Some webmasters use spun articles in order to attempt to build bulks amounts of new backlinks. This practice is a direct manipulation of search engine guidelines and may result in penalisation.

Authority: Authority typically refers to a website or webpage's ranking potential on the SERPs. There are 5 key factors which contribute to a site or page's authority, they are: link equity (quality and quantity), website age, traffic trends and web content.

Authority Site: An authority site refers to a website which contains many high quality incoming links and as a result is an authority within it's selected field. An authority website is most likely to have high PageRank, online visibility and SERP ranking placements.

 

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Backlinks: One of the most used terms in SEO. A backlink is an inbound or incoming link from an external site. Having a healthy amount of high quality backlinks is a good indication that your site or web page is highly relevant and as a result may lead directly to high search engine ranking placements.

Bad Neighbourhoods: Bad neighbourhoods refer to a website or a group of websites who engage in unethical or black hat practices. Being associated with any form of linking activities with bad neighbourhoods could put your website in high alert when detected by search engines.

Black Hat SEO: Another term in the SEO world where you would've come by at one point or another. Black Hat SEO refers to the SEO practices and techniques which directly violate search engine guidelines - Google, Bing, Yahoo. Such techniques are a direct attempt at manipulating search engines in order to achieve high search engine rankings. Black Hat SEO techniques include but are not limited to: cloaking of text, excessive keyword stuffing, automated link schemes, article spinning and more.

Blog: A blog, short for weblog, is the discussion section of a website which consists of informational posts. Blogs are a good way to actively engage with readers whilst providing useful and relevant information which may be shared to attract backlinks for the website.

Blogroll: A link list on a blog which typically links out to other related blogs within the same industry or field.

Branded Keywords: Branded keywords are keywords which are associated with the brand name. Eg. The keyword "Apple phones" is a branded keyword because the brand name has been included as a part of the overall word. On the other hand, "New phones" would be deemed as an unbranded keyword as the keyword contains no mentions of a brand name. The process of SEO typically aims to attract organic traffic via unbranded keywords.

Broken Links: Broken links are links which no longer direct the user to the designated page requested. Websites should be regularly checked for broken link occurrences and should be fixed ASAP to ensure a high level of end-user satisfaction.

Bounce Rate: Bounce rates refer to the percentage of users who enter a web page and then leave without any additional actions of browsing the site.

 

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Cache: A cache is a component which stores data so future requests for page content can be served at an even faster rate than the first request. There are numerous cache plugins for WordPress which do an excellent job at serving faster page content. We recommend the use of either of the following 2 plugins for best performance: W3 Total CacheWP Super Cache.

Call to Action: A call to action is a marketing term used to encourage or persuade users into completing a specific task. Use of call to action keywords is highly encouraged when trying to sell or market a particular service or product. Such keywords may include: call, contact, purchase, buy or get in touch. It's recommended at least one call to action keyword is used in the meta description to increase CTR from the SERPs.

Cannibalisation: Cannibalisation is a keyword which has been optimised for excessively on two or more pages. This makes it harder for search engines to understand which page you are trying to rank the keyword for. Two or more pages unintentionally optimised for the same keyword could see themselves ranking and been de-ranked for the same search query.

Canonical Tags: A canonical tag is the use of rel="canonical". The canonical tag is used to hint to Google that there is a preferred version of a set of pages with very similar content. Many websites have several pages with very similar products and content, for search engines to best index the right page, the most preferred page should be tagged with the canonical parameter.

CDN: CDN is an acronym for either content delivery network or content distribution network. CDNs are large systems of servers deployed across multiple data centres of the internet with the goal of serving content to users in the most fastest and effective manner. There are both paid and free CDN providers offering different level of services depending on the demand of bandwidth needed. Our recommendation is to use either MaxCDN or Cloudflare for faster content loading times.

Citations: A citation is any reference you can provide about your local business. Citation metrics include, business name, address, contact number, fax and any other relevant information you can provide about your business. Citations are a vital part in contributing to a website's credibility and local SERP rankings. Local businesses should be taking advantage of citations by submitting their business to local websites such as Hot FrogYellow PagesLocal and Yelp.

Click Fraud: Click fraud is the invalid use of intentionally clicking on an ad with the purpose of wasting an advertiser's advertising budget.

Cloaking: Cloaking is a form of Black Hat SEO technique which involves presenting content to a search engine spider which is in fact different from the content presented to a user.

CMS: CMS is an acronym for content management system. CMS are programs created with the purpose of providing webmasters with an easy navigational back-end system - without needs to learn complex coding languages. Examples of such systems include WordPress, Magento and Joomla.

Content: Content is the term used to describe all relevant information and materials on a website. This includes text, images and images.

Content Marketing: Content marketing is the process of utilising content with the focus of distributing it rapidly across multiple online channels such as social media, forums and news websites. The primary aim of content marketing is entice users with the content distributed so they in hand will navigate back to the website promoted and convert to a purchasing customer.

Conversion: A conversion refers to a user who has taken action on what the website is built to achieve. This may involve purchasing an item, signing up to a program or subscribing to a newsletter.

Conversion Rate: A conversion rate is the percentage measurement detailing the amount of converted users. Eg. A website receives 100 visitors and 10 users purchase the shown product that equals to a 10% conversion rate.

CPA: CPA is an acronym for cost per acquisition. This is term used to describe the business related expense used in trying to convert a new customer.

CPC: CPC is an acronym for cost per click. This term is used to describe the cost spent when a user clicks on an advertisement link or image.

Crawl/Crawling: The term crawling refers to the process of search engine spiders analysing and gathering information about a web page and sending the data back. After a web page has been crawled, the search engines gather the relevant data to index the page into its search result pages. The web page then gets ranked accordingly in terms of its relevancy with the keyword been searched.

CRO: CRO is an acronym for conversion rate optimisation. Much like search engine optimisation, CRO is focused on improving the conversion rate of a website by optimising and changing different components of a website to ultimately have it driving more sales or leads.

CSS: CSS is an acronym for cascading style sheet. A CSS is used to control the styling and appearance of a website.

CTR: CTR is an acronym for click through rate. A click through rate defines the percentage of exactly how many times an ad has been clicked in relation to the amounts of impressions (views) the ad has received. Eg. An ad receives 1000 views and there have been 100 clicks that equals to a CTR of 10%.

 

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Deep Links: A deep link is a web page which is located deep within the hierarchy of a website. Eg. You've got your root domain www.bluemonkey.com, an example of a deep link within the Blue Monkey website would appear like so: www.bluemonkey.com/south-africa/blue-monkey.

De-Index: De-Indexation is when a site or web page has been excluded and removed from the SERPs. De-indexation is most likely to occur as a result of implementing Black Hat SEO or unethical optimisation techniques.

Directory: A directory or a web directory specialises in linking out to relevant websites by having webmasters submit their website to be categorised within its database. There are many paid and free web directories which offer opportunities for backlink building.

Dofollow Links: A dofollow link is a link which passes along link equity to the target URL. Dofollow links are links which directly contribute to the increase of a website's authority as well as increasing page rankings on the SERPs.

Domain Age: A website's domain age refers to the amount of time a website has been registered. Search engines typically prioritise older sites in comparison with newly registered websites.

Domain Trust (DT): Domain trust is a term used to identify how trusty-worthy your website is deemed by search engines. Various factors are taken into consideration when determining a website's DT. They include domain age, a website's incoming link diversity, percentage of high quality links in comparison to low quality and structure of internal linking.

Duplicate Content: Duplicate content refers to content which has been copied or matches content from another website. Search engines view duplicate content as been untrusted and in return will most likely contribute to the page ranking very poorly within the SERPs.

 

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EMD: EMD stands for exact match domain and refers to the domain name been of exact match with a website's primary keyword. Eg. An EMD for Sydney Lawyers would be www.sydneylawyers.com.au. EMDs have long known to play a huge part in increased ranking positions for the matching keyword. Over time though, Google have implemented updates to devalue the priority of EMDs.

Educational Links: Educational links are essentially .edu domain names. Educational links are highly regarded as links that transfer one of the highest amounts of link equity when having linked to an external webpage. Because of the difficult nature of even having to obtain an .edu backlink, search engines typically deem these domains to be of high value as a ranking signal.

Evergreen Content: Evergreen content refers to content which are timeless and ever-useful by nature. The idea behind the word comes from being forever green - forever fresh. Eg. The informative content of abdominal workouts will forever stay relevant in comparison to a news report which would only stay fresh for a few days. Search engines have incorporated updated algorithms throughout the years to consider the effects of evergreen web pages and how they should be appropriately ranked on the SERPs. Case studies have also shown the effects of evergreen content and how they contribute to branding, user-engagement and conversions.

 

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Footer: A footer is the bottom section of a website. The footer is usually filled with navigational links to important web pages and business contact information.

 

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GoogleBot: GoogleBot is Google's very own search engine spider responsible for the data collection of all the websites across the web.

Google Analytics: Google Analytics is Google's free website data tracking service. The platform tracks and monitors all relevant statistics including website traffic, traffic sources, organic search queries, conversion rates and integrated Adwords data.

Google Bowling: Also known as negative-SEO is the process of decreasing a competitor’s website on the SERPs by linking very high amounts of low quality links to their website.

Google Dance: Google dance refers to the constant change in SERP rankings. This is mostly caused by indexation updates of Google's database or algorithm.

Google Keyword Tool: Google's Keyword Tool enables webmasters to view the estimated amount of searches a search query receives each month. The keywords tool also supplies recommended related keywords and competition data.

Google Webmaster Tools: Google Webmaster Tools is a free website analysis service. The tool allows webmasters to check numerous health and indexation status of their websites.

Grey Hat SEO: Grey hat SEO is referred to as practises and techniques which don't necessarily fall under white hat, but at the same time aren't completely black hat.

Guest Posting: Guest posting is the practice of writing for a related blog which you have no ownership over. Guest posting is mainly used as a foundation for brand awareness, self-promotion, link building and of course simply providing valuable content where need be.

 

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Header: The header is the top section of a website. Usually comprised of the website's logo and navigational bar, the header acts as the primary source of navigation when attempting to browse through a website.

Heading Tags (H1, H2, and H3): Heading tags are marked-up page headings which describe the content of the web page. Search engines use heading tags as a means in deeming the relevancy of a web page.

Home Page: A home page refers the page which is situated on the root domain - the main page of a website.

HTML: HTML stands for hypertext mark-up language. HTML is a form of computing programming language used to create web pages and all other relevant materials which can be used to be displayed on a web browser.

Hyperlink: A hyperlink is the HTML term for a basic link, basically directing you to the new page after having been clicked on.

 

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IM: IM is the acronym for internet marketing and may also be referred to as online marketing or web marketing. Internet marketing includes marketing strategies such as affiliate marketing, search engine optimisation, search engine marketing, Pay Per Click advertising, content marketing, lead generation, email marketing and Facebook advertising.

Inbound Marketing: Inbound marketing is the process of advertising your business through the means of SEO, social media marketing, videos, blogs and all relevant forms of content marketing. Inbound marketing is considered to be earning the trust and attention of a customer rather than having to convince them of your company's worth (Outbound marketing - cold-calling, radio, television, PPC). Inbound marketing creates numerous foundations for the company to be found on and draws the customer in by providing or offering something which they find of interest.

Indexed/Indexation: Indexation is the process of having a webpage registered within the SERPs. To check the amount of pages indexed, type in the following command within Google's Universal Search: site:yourwebsitehere.com

Infographic: Infographics are visual representations of data, graphs and text content all fused together to be presented in a quick, clear and highly efficient manner.

Internal Linking: Internal linking is interlinking web pages from the same root domain. Internal linking helps to increase crawling efficient and will also ensure users can help relevant information at a much more convenient rate.

Inbound Link: An inbound link is an incoming link, coming from a 3rd party website to yours.

 

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Keywords: Keywords are ultimately search queries used in an attempt to find a relevant web page. Different keywords serve different purposes. Long and highly descriptive keywords have higher chances at conversions, in comparison with shorter keywords which have high amounts of volume but may contain very poor conversion ratios.

Keyword Density: Keyword density refers to the amount of times a keyword has been used in the body of a web page. While Google have stated in the past that no more than 2% of the body content should contain the target keyword, any more would be considered as spam. However, Yahoo and Bing on the other hand have stated that they'll allow up to a 5% keyword density. For best practice we recommend optimising for anywhere from 2-4%.

Keyword Research: The process of keyword research involves the analysis and careful selection of specific keywords which would work the best in accomplishing website objectives. In the most general cases, keyword research is conducted to select the best keywords in order to increase a website's online visibility.

Keyword Stuffing: Keyword stuffing is the unethical optimisation technique of over-using keywords in the body section of a web page. Keyword stuffing is usually the case when the keyword density is above 5%.

 

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Landing Page: A landing page refers to a page which has been strategically set up to capture leads and generate sales. Landing pages are typically used as the destination page when users click on an online ad or SERP result.

Link Bait: Most commonly created by search engine marketers and content marketers, link bait is content designed specifically to gain attention and attract users into linking to the website. Forms of link bait may include online hoaxes, eBooks, guides, memes and infographics.

Link Building: Link building is the process of building backlinks to a website. The number of backlinks a site possesses is a clear indication of its popularity and value in the eyes of search engines. This directly contributes to its ranking positions on the SERPs.

Link Equity: Link equity, also known as link weight, link value or link juice, is the amount of value a link passes through when linking out to another web page. Google has deemed that every link holds different value based on the authority of the website linking out. An incoming link from a highly authoritative website would hold more link equity compared to a website with minimal credibility and authority online.

Link Exchange: Link exchange is the process of negotiation between two webmasters in order to establish an incoming link on either side.

Link Farm: Link farms are groups of websites that contain an overly excessive amount of external links. Link farms typically have no actual real content of their own and exist for the sole purpose of linking out to as many websites as choose be. Many link farms are created by automated programs, created with the sole purpose of increasing the number of incoming links for a website.

Link Hoarding: Link hoarding is the method of the unwillingness to link out to other websites. This is often done to keep all link equity circulating within one's own website.

Link Profile: A link profile refers to the different types of sources of incoming links to a website. A variety of different metrics can be incorporated into building a link profile. The most common types of link profile metrics include number of backlinks, quality of backlinks, number of linking root domains, PageRank and the different types of linking websites whether it be from blogs, blog comments or forums.

Linking Root Domain: Linking root domains refer to the amount of root domains that are linking to your website. Eg. A link linking out from www.examplesite.com to www.examplesite2.com would be classified as a linking root domain. On the other hand, if www.examplesite.com/about links to www.examplesite2.com, this would not be classified as a linking root domain.

Link Velocity: Link velocity is commonly described as the speed in which a website attains incoming backlinks. A high spike in link velocity may call for an alert of unnatural links or very spammy links and may lead to penalisation from search engines.

Long-Tail Keywords: Long-tail keywords are key phrases which are typically over 3 words long. Eg. How to build a tree house, best dentist in eastern Sydney.

 

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Meta Descriptions: Meta descriptions are short paragraphs which appear on the search result pages briefly giving the searcher an idea of what to expect before entering a page. For best performance, meta descriptions should be no more than 155 characters in length, contain the page's primary keyword and should have a call to action.

Meta Keywords: Meta keywords were originally HTML tags used on websites to hint to search engines about what keywords they would want to be ranking for. Due to the advance growth of most search engines, the meta keywords tag is no longer considered when deeming the relevancy of a web page.

Meta Tags: Meta tags refer to the 3 different types of HTML tags. They are the title tag, meta description and meta keywords.

Monetize: Monetizing is the process of building, maintaining or optimising a website with the sole interest of making money from it. Methods of monetization include the incorporation of CPM ads, CPC ads or affiliate marketing.

MozRank: MozRank, much similar to Google's PageRank is a ranking value used to measure a page's importance/popularity. MozRank is a measurement value created by SEOmoz and can be seen and tracked after installing SEOmoz's very own SEO Toolbar extension.

 

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Niche: A niche is a market which specialises in a specific product, subject or topic. Eg. A website about weight loss is a weight loss niche.

Nofollow Links: Nofollow links are the opposite to dofollow links. Nofollow links are links embedded with a special parameter, rel="nofollow". This parameter instructs search engines to not allow the passing of link equity when linking out to another page.

Noindex: Noindex is a command inserted into the header of page signifying to search engines to not have the page indexed into the SERPs.

 

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On-Page Optimisation: On-page optimisation refers to all optimisation practices and techniques which can be implemented to a web page. This is usually done by accessing the back-end of the website. Eg. Meta optimisation, content optimisation and internal linking.

Off-Page Optimisation: Off-page optimisation refers to all optimisation practices and techniques which can be incorporated without the need to access the back-end of the website. Eg. Link building, content marketing and article submissions.

Organic Search Results: The organic search results are the listings on the SERPs that appear because of their natural relevancy to the search term. To generate a profit of the search engine company, search engines have incorporated paid search results to appear next to organic listings.

Organic Traffic: Organic traffic is known as web traffic coming from the organic listings within the SERPs.

 

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Panda: The Panda update is a Google's algorithm update first released in 2011. Panda was released with the focus of targeting low-quality websites, websites that contain minimal content and spammy websites. This encouraged website owners to improve the quality of their websites in order to rank higher in the search results.

PPC: PPC is an acronym for pay-per-click. Pay-per-click refers to the advertising method of allocating an advertising budget per day and having only pay when a user directly clicks on your ad. Each ad click is calculated to cost differently depending on the users country of origin and the competitiveness of the industry.

Paid Links: Paid links are links which have been paid for usually with the intent to build backlinks and gain a higher ranking position with the SERPs. Paid links are against search engine guidelines and could lead to website penalisation.

PageRank (PR): PageRank is a part of Google's ranking algorithms, named after Larry Page, one of Google's founders. PageRank is calculated and scaled on a basis of 0-10, 10 been the most important. A website's PageRank is defined through a mathematical algorithm based from the authority value of all incoming links that link to it. A page that is linked to by many other websites with high PageRank would in return receive a higher PageRank itself. Increased PageRank means a greater chance of your web pages ranking higher within the SERPs.

Persona: A persona is the creation of a group of online consumers who are a representation of a company's target market. Key metrics involved in creating a persona may include identifying their age, sex, salary, marital status and job.

Penguin: The Penguin update is a Google algorithm update first announced in 2012. The Penguin update is focused on penalising websites that contain unnatural link profiles. Penalisation may include being de-indexed from Google's search results or a decrease in rankings.

Penguin 2.0: Released in April 2013, Penguin 2.0 is the 2nd generation of the Penguin update. Penguin 2.0 affected about 2.1% of all English queries and was set out to target a website's internal pages as opposed to just a website's homepage. Websites with unnatural link profiles were penalised with big brands been given an increased priority in the search results.

Press Release: A press release is an article directed at news websites or news outlets with the intent of raising awareness for its brand or in SEO terms, providing highly relevant content with the addition of receiving a high PR backlink.

Profile Links: Profile links are incoming links usually coming from forum profile pages. Profile links are considered a popular form of link building as most forum profile pages allow at least one profile link to be dofollow.

 

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Reciprocal Links: Reciprocal links refers to two websites which have returning links linking to each other. Reciprocal links serve the purpose of mutually directing traffic to one another and also act as a form of link building.

Reputation Management: Reputation management is the method of ensuring all top 10 results with the SERPs relate to your own website or brand name. Reputation management also involves the practice of ensuring all well-known review websites found on the SERPs are positive and do not contain unattended negative reviews about your business.

Rich Snippet: Rich snippets are small summaries of data compacted into various forms to appear on the SERPs. Rich snippets include authorship, video mark-ups, review mark-ups and more. The primary goal of rich snippets is for the SERPs to provide more information about the relevancy of the page as well as serving the most appropriate results to meet the user's expectations. Implementation of rich snippets usually results in higher CTR for the marked-up page.

Robot.txt: A robot.txt is a file usually found on the root directory of website. The robot.txt can be edited to instruct search engines to not crawl and index certain pages of the website if need be. This can be used to ensure the crawling efficiency of the rest of website while avoiding unnecessary pages.

ROI: ROI is an acronym for return on investment. RIO is used to measure the cost difference or cost benefits as per each marketing strategy or scheme used.

Root Domain: A root domain is the top-level page of a website. Eg. www.sydney.com.au is a root domain, whereas www.sydney.com.au/sydney-habour is an example of a subdirectory. In most cases, incoming links from root domains is usually deemed to hold more link equity then incoming links coming from a subdirectory.

RSS: RSS is the acronym for rich site summary. A RSS may also be referred to as a feed or web feed, and is used as a way of compiling up a website's most frequent published works. This may include new blog posts, audio and videos. Users can then subscribe to the RSS feed to receive the latest feed updates straight to their email inbox.

 

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Sandbox: Known as the Sandbox Effect or Google Sandbox, the sandbox is the effect of a new website ranking really well and then having suddenly dropped all rankings. Many myths have been circulating this effect in the past but nothing has ever been confirmed.

Scraped Content: Scraped content refers to web content which have been automatically grabbed and published on another site by automated software. This is most commonly done to index new web pages at a very fast and high rate, further increasing chances of driving additional traffic to website.

SE: SE is an SEO acronym which stands for search engine.

SEM: SEM is an acronym for search engine marketing. Search engine marketing is a form of online marketing which involves increasing a website's online visibility within the SERPs by maximising its ranking potential.

SEO: SEO is the acronym for search engine optimisation. Search engine optimisation is the process of increasing a website's online visibility by maximising its ranking potential on the SERPs. Countless practices and techniques are conducted to ensure a web page is ranking as high as it possibly can. Such practices include but are not limited to on-page optimisation, link building, website loading speed, quality of web content and a website's architecture.

SEOs: SEOs is a noun and stands for search engine optimisers. Search engine optimisers are search engine marketers who conduct the entire process or partial processes of SEO services to ensure a website is maximising its online visibility and ranking potential.

Search Engine Spider/Spider: A search engine spider is a bot which conducts the crawling of web page. The spider crawls a web page in order to collect information it deems relevant. The information collected then gets the web page indexed into the SERPs and ranked accordingly depending on its authority and relevancy to the search query initiated by a user.

SERP: Potentially the most frequently used term by an SEO, SERP is an acronym for search engine result pages. SERP refers to the website results which are displayed after conducting a search on a search engine page. A search engine's primary goal is the serve the most relevant web pages to the user after they've conducted a search. The most relevant website would appear on the top of the SERP where most users would bare eyes on first. SERPs most commonly only display up to 10 results per page. In the past, Google have undergone changes to its SERP, displaying only 7 search results per page for specific search queries. This was a direct part of their strategy in serving more relevant results in the most effective way possible, since then there have been no official news confirming site-wide changes.

Sitemap: A sitemap is a page which is strategically structured into grouping key pages together to provide easy navigational ability to both users and search engine spiders. A special sitemap called the XML sitemap is often created to assist search engine spiders in finding all relevant website pages.

Social Media: Social media are online social networking websites. Mostly used as a primary way of socialising and sharing public or personal content, social media has risen to become a key way in helping businesses build brand presence, increase social engage and for link building purposes. Examples of social media platforms include Facebook, Twitter, Google+ and Pinterest.

Social Media Marketing: Social media marketing is the promotion of a brand or company through the use of social network sites.

Spam: Spam is the use of sending or publishing unsolicited content usually with the intent of contributing worthless or irrelevant information.

Spamdexing: Spamdexing, also known as search spam, web spam or search engine spam. Spamdexing is the deliberate manipulation of search engine indexes by using a number of techniques into tricking the search engines into indexing certain content which is deemed irrelevant, with the sole purpose of increasing its ranking within the SERPs.

Subdirectory: A subdirectory is a page located in a deeper level within the root domain. Eg. www.sydney.com.au/operahouse is a subdirectory.

Subdomain: A subdomain is a domain which is a part of the root domain. Eg. www.operahouse.sydney.com.au is a subdomain within the root domain - www.sydney.com.au. Subdomains are created with the main purpose of segmenting it's topic of choice into an entirely new subcategory. One of the most important features of a subdomain is that they hold their own authority and PageRank.

 

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Taxonomy: A taxonomy is a way of grouping certain subjects or topics together.

Title Tag: A title tag is a HTML tag used by search engines to display a web page's title on the SERPs. Search engines treat the title tag as a primary indicator in identifying the relevancy of the page. Title tags should contain no more than 70 characters and should contain relevant page keywords for best ranking performance within the SERPs.

Traffic: Traffic refers to the incoming visitors who are entering a website.

 

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Unnatural Link Warning: Google's unnatural link warning is a warning notice provided through Google's Webmaster Tools. This warning is a message alerting webmasters that their website has been associated with unnatural incoming links. As a result of having received this message, a website's page ranking may be severely penalised until they can rectify the situation. Google enables webmasters the ability to submit reconsideration requests upon fixing all unnatural, paid or spammy incoming links.

URL: URL is an acronym for uniform resource locator, most commonly referred to as a web address.

 

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Viral Marketing: Viral marketing involves the practice of creating content and marketing it in a way in which it will reach vital status online. Social media, in this modern day and age has contributed greatly in the rise of content going viral.

 

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Webinar: A webinar is the online term for seminar. A webinar is basically a seminar hosted live online.

Web 2.0: The term web 2.0 refers to websites which allow for users to actively interact and engage with online communities. Web 2.0 sites include social booking sites, forums and social networking sites. Eg. Facebook, Twitter, Tumblr, Reddit and StumbleUpon.

White Hat SEO: White Hat SEO refers to SEO practices and techniques that are within webmaster quality guidelines. Typically, white hat SEO is done through an ethical and natural manner where serving highly relevant content and attracting high quality links is the primary goal to achieving long-term online success.

Widgets: Widgets are sidebar blocks that contain easy navigational links or content. Widgets are mostly used by online blogs and typically contain a website's list of popular items, recent posts, search bar, subscription form or advertisements.

WordPress: WordPress is a content management system (CMS) used as a platform for creating a website or blog. WordPress is commonly known for its SEO-friendly setup and is considered one of the most popular blogging platforms used on the web.

About

Daniel Law is a Managing Director of Big Vision SEO, a Search Engine Optimisation and Search Engine Marketing firm based in Sydney, Australia. His Big Vision is to shape how small-medium size businesses market themselves online - one client at a time. Follow him on Facebook, and Twitter.

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